The practical philosophy of technology: the debate about existence, embodiment, and perception

TitleThe practical philosophy of technology: the debate about existence, embodiment, and perception
Publication TypeConference Paper
Author(s)Chang, H.
Affiliation (1st Author)Department of Journalism, National Cheng Chi University, Taiwan
Section or WGCommunication Policy and Technology
DateThurs 27 June
Slot CodeINCT4b
Slot Code (Keyword)INCT4b
Time of Session16:00-17:30
RoomC123
Session TitleThe practical philosophy of technology: the debate about existence, embodiment, and perception.
Submission ID5769
Abstract

This article aims to undergo post analysis on the development of technology. The axis of the argument turns from traditional technology philosophy to the practical philosophy of current technology. Meanwhile, we follow the tradition of social technology methods in current technology philosophy research to originate from an ontology-based question,, what is technology? Then, we turn to investigate epistemology-based question about how we know and understand the relationships among human, technology and life world. This epistemology-based question involves several key debate issues such as existence, embodiment, and perception of humans, etc. This article chooses the dialogs of Martin Heidegger, a German philosopher, and Don Ihde, an American technology philosopher, as the start point of the ideological argument. There are certain reasons for choosing Martin Heidegger and Don Ihde as the start point of the ideological in this article. First, Heidegger’s perspectives about technology have profoundly influenced plenty of subsequent researches on technology and he also laid the foundations of technology philosopher. Second, Ihde’s perspectives are most remarkable while the rise of technology phenomenology in the middle of 20 century. Third, Ihde’s perspectives about technology philosophy are based on the instrumental philosophy inquiry of Heidegger but depart from the sticky wicket of traditional Heideggerian-style analyses on phenomenology. The structure of this article could be divided into five parts. First is the background of the rise of technology philosophy and the overview of why this article focuses on the practical turning of technology philosophy research. Second, we discuss the previous historic activities while institutionalizing the technology philosophy research. We define engineering technology philosophy and social technology philosophy as two main traditional clades and elaborate on why we choose the posterior of the two clades. Third, we argue two main foundations of the research on technology philosophy,, instrumentalists and substantivists to investigate how to view technology and what is the basis of epistemology in different standpoints. Fourth, we trim the similarities and differences of the focuses on technology levels between orthodox technology philosophers and new-generation technology philosophers. Finally, we return to summarize the aims of this article for returning to life world. From previously mentioned arguments, this article argues so-called practical philosophy of technology owing to two aspects of standpoints. First, in Heidegger’s standpoint, the idea of manifest destiny about the formation of modern technology is undoubtedly a trap of structure realism. Viewing from the practical logic standpoint of Bourdieu, the only way to totally get rid of the metaphysics thinking with excessive transcendentalism is to start from implementation. Second aspect is that practical philosophy involves the processes of translation. To elaborate the translation processes, Ihde’s viewpoints about microperception and macroperception could serve as references. Both microperception and macroperception belong to life world and they are mutually inseparable. Considering the two aspects mentioned above, this article argues that the practical manifestation of technology philosophy actually is a concept of holism.

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