MEMORY AND REPRESENTATIONS OF ARAB SPRING IN BRAZILIAN PRESS

TitleMEMORY AND REPRESENTATIONS OF ARAB SPRING IN BRAZILIAN PRESS
Publication TypeConference Paper
Author(s)Lima, M. A., and F. Agra
Affiliation (1st Author)Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia
Section or WGIslam and Media Working Group
DateWed 26 June
Slot CodeISLW3a
Slot Code (Keyword)ISLW3a
Time of Session14:00-15:30
RoomHG06
Session TitleMedia Coverage of Arab Spring: Local and Global Contexts
Submission ID5669
Abstract

This study aims to analyze the journalistic narratives of the Brazilian press about the Arab Spring in view of studies on collective memory and social representation. The research assumes that, according Galtung and Ruge (1999), there is a chain of news reporting which establishes the structure of the news from the time that the events happen in the world, through the perception of the media only to be transformed in news. However, this chain of communication proposed by Galtung and Ruge, between the perception of the media and news materialized there is a selection and distortion of facts. The cut made by journalists of some realities within the consolidated revolts or refuted the image that people have of Arabs and Muslims. Thus, evoked memories of the riots by people who read the news may be marked by the point of view of the journalists who wrote them. It creates a collective memory about the events and memories within these social representations made by the media can shape the perspective of readers, mainly because these are not eyewitnesses. Human memory, according to Halbwachs (1968), consists of a collective, and the relationships between people the predominant means for certain events that may be raised later, even if the subject has seen physically or not. Such relationships help form opinions about facts and often to try them. No need to necessarily be an eyewitness to an event that you can later recall it up. The news of what happened during the Arab Spring help form opinions about culture and daily life of the Arab peoples. The riots started in 2011 were widely disseminated in Brazil by various news media. For the corpus of this study were selected two leading Brazilian weekly magazines: “Veja” and “Carta Capital”. First, it was a quantitative survey of articles published on the conflict in the first four months of uprisings in Arab countries. Then, the material was analyzed from the perspective of social representations and collective memory, focusing on how the journalistic narrative helps to strengthen representations and stereotypes of Arabs and Muslims at the moment that started the Arab Spring

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