Media Self - Regulation in Post - Egypt Revolution Legal and Ethical Requirements

TitleMedia Self - Regulation in Post - Egypt Revolution Legal and Ethical Requirements
Publication TypeConference Paper
Author(s)Hamada, B. I.
Affiliation (1st Author)International Academy for Media Sciences
Section or WGIslam and Media Working Group
DateWed 26 June
Slot CodeISLW2a
Slot Code (Keyword)ISLW2a
Time of Session11:00-12:30
RoomHG06
Session TitleMedia Ethics and Regulation in Muslim World
Submission ID6878
Abstract

Prof. Dr. Basyouni Hamada Dean, International Academy for Media Sciences For Presentation at Islam and Media Working Group IAMCR, 2013, Dublin, Media scholars can distinguish four categories of how regulations is carried out; 1) law promulgated by the parliament and other state bodies and executed by the court, 2) market based on private property, commercial advertising and consumer choice, 3) public through citizens and public opinion, and, 4) media themselves, journalists and managers. Accordingly, self-regulation as stated by Kaarle Nordenstring is understood as the fourth type of media control after law, public and market. While media regulation by public and media are expanding in developed countries, they are still vague concepts and far from being tools to regulate media in developing countries. In general, self-regulation with its own regime of soft law has established itself as part of all regulatory system in Europe, United States, Canada and other developed countries. In post Egypt revolution, there is a trend towards media-self regulation but the trend is faced with significant resistance from those who support law regulation. Self-regulation can be achieved without setting up formal and rigid structures. It is only necessary for media to commit themselves to be transparent and accountable and to respond promptly to public complaints and concerns. Although in many democratic countries media codes of ethics are supported by systems of internal and external self-regulation, in most countries of the world there are no formal systems of self-regulation of media. In post- Egypt revolution, this debate is up and running. A growing movement of Egyptian journalists and media professionals is already discussing how to steer media towards a renaissance of values and standards that will build public confidence. But this will not be easy. People know that journalism has a history in the shadows of politics and forms of state control. They want media they can trust and not journalism that is an instrument controlled by invisible hands, whether from the world of politics, public relations or business. This paper will discuss the current debate of Egyptian journalists on how to establish media-self regulation in a way that protect freedom of expression, sustain journalism quality and ensure the ethical journalism. Main questions are,, 1) How can both rigid and soft regulations be combined together in terms of laws, ethics and regulatory bodies? 2) Why do the majority of journalists oppose self-regulation? 3) How can Egypt benefit from the international experience in this regard? To answer these questions, the researcher will utilize a comprehensive research method tools including historical survey for media-self-regulation, in-depth-interviews with key journalists in Egypt, in addition to an analytical examination for constitutional, legal and ethical components.

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